Size: 19,730 sq mi (51,100 sq km)
Population: nearly 4 million people
Geographical Location: Tropical country, located in Central America, between Nicaragua and Panamá (North and South) and the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea (Atlantic) (West and East).
Capital City: San José
Official Language: Spanish (bust most people, specially people in the tourism field also speak English)
Currency: Colón (but most stores receive Dollars).
Ethnicity: 94% of Costa Ricans are white
Official Religion: Catholic, (although there is freedom of belief)
Geography and climate: The geography in Costa Rica includes white and black sand beaches, numerous rivers, volcanoes and mountain ranges with protected forest areas, where there is a great variety of flora and fauna. All this favors ecotourism and adventure tourism in the country.
Dry season (November to April)
Rainy season (May to November)
Temperature depends more on altitude than season. In San José: between 14 and 27 Celsius (57 to 81 Fahrenheit)
• Temperature average on the coasts:
Between 21ºC (70º F) during the day and 30ºC (86ºF) at night.
Stability and Development:
Costa Rica is known worldwide as a peaceful country, as it has nearly been 60 years without an army. This has allowed great political and economic stability. On the other hand is a nature-loving country, which has turned the country into an excellent place to invest and to go on vacation.
Costa Rica holds a high human development index, which includes an average life expectancy of 77.2 years, and a literacy rate of 96%. It is very unlikely to find serious health problems in Costa Rica.
The country has an excellent system of public health and social security, as well as modern private clinics and hospitals. Costa Rica also has an excellent telecommunications network which includes traditional and cell phone systems, AM and FM radio, national television system, cable and satellite TV, as well as more than 12,750 Internet hosts.
There are two international airports, one in Alajuela (a few miles from San Jose) and one in Guanacaste, the main tourist and beach destination in the country. In addition, the Port of Limon is on the Atlantic coast, and the Ports of Caldera and Puntarenas are on the Pacific Coast.
Useful information for the tourist:
Citizens from the United States, Canada and Panama may enter Costa Rica with a tourist card along with some other means of identification such as driving license or birth certificate.
Tourist cards are available in advance at any Costa Rican embassy or consulate, and they are valid for 30 days. You do not need a visa or passport (if you want to stay for more than 30 days, passport is required).
Citizens of other countries do need a passport. There is only one vaccination required to enter Costa Rica as epidemic diseases are almost eradicated in the country. Although there is no risk of yellow fever in Costa Rica, the government of Costa Rica requires proof of yellow fever vaccination only if you are arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever. This does not include the US, Canada and Europe. If you are traveling from a country other than the US, Canada or Europe check this list to see if you may be required to get the yellow fever vaccine: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2012/chapter-3-infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/yellow-fever#1948